Greenland: Landscape Nirvana On The Viking Trail

After two days sailing from Iceland, across the Denmark Strait, we spot the snow-capped rocky coastline of Greenland. It’s late-summer and the coastline is free of ice. Well, almost. As we near Greenland, we sail through the iceberg conveyer. An incredible 90% of all North Atlantic icebergs were born from Greenlandic glaciers with about 40,000 medium to large-sized icebergs calved every year. The closer we get, the more icebergs we can see, drifting north to south, heading to Canada and North America.

Large iceberg adrift off the Greenland coast. Photograph by © Elliott Neep. Photographed in Denmark Strait, Greenland with NIKON D3S and Nikkor 24-70 mm ƒ/2.8 FX AF-S G ED lens at ¹⁄₈₀ sec at ƒ / 5.6 on ISO 800

After taking a closer view of some of the larger bergs, we enter Northern Skjoldungen Fjord as part of our journey to circumnavigate Skjoldungen – a large uninhabited island on the King Frederick VI Coast. The fjord is littered with icebergs, bergs bits and growlers. Some adrift, some grounded next to the shore. They’re the tantalising appetisers before the main course, Thryms Glacier, situated at the northernmost point of the fjord.

Sailing into Northern Skjoldungen. Photograph by © Elliott Neep. Photographed in Skjoldungen Fjord, Greenland with NIKON D3S and Nikkor 24-70 mm ƒ/2.8 FX AF-S G ED lens at ¹⁄₈₀ sec at ƒ / 10 on ISO 400

The landscape through the fjord is truly astonishing. Everybody stares skyward to take in the jagged icy peaks, towering over a kilometre above us. It’s not their height that’s impressive, but their precipitous nature. The further into the fjord we sail, the more bergs we pass. I’m used to seeing plenty of icebergs in and around the Svalbard Archipelago, but these are considerably larger. They definitely wet the appetite for what is to come.

Photograph by © Elliott Neep. Photographed in Skjoldungen Fjord, Greenland with NIKON D3S and Nikkor AF-S G ED 70-200 mm ƒ/2.8 VRII lens at ¹⁄₄₀₀ sec at ƒ / 5.6 on ISO 400

I want to get out on the zodiacs and take close-up wide-angle shots of the icebergs with the dramatic scenery beyond. But, as with all these expedition cruises, our time is governed by a strict itinerary and fuel quotas. I settle for photographing the vista and bergs from the outer decks and bow, using my 24-70mm ƒ/2.8 AF-S and 70-200mm VRII. It’s a great combination for photographing from the ship. While the 24-70mm is clamped on my tripod for a time-lapse movie, I can use the 70-200mm to isolate more distant features in the landscape.

If you use a super-wide 14mm or 16mm, the landscape is just too far away and all you have is large amounts of water and sky. It was bad enough with the 24-70mm, hence shooting for a panoramic 2:1 format. As an option, you can shoot a stitched panoramic, however a moving ship is not exactly the best foundation. Unless you shoot quickly, the foreground motion will be very difficult to stitch. It’s surprising how much I used the telephotos for scenics, including the 200-400mm.

Iceberg stranded on the shore of Skjoldungen. Photograph by © Elliott Neep. Photographed in Skjoldungen Fjord, Greenland with NIKON D3S and Nikkor 24-70 mm ƒ/2.8 FX AF-S G ED lens at ¹⁄₁₆₀ sec at ƒ / 10 on ISO 400

I am always on the look out for seals or whales in the fjords, but wildlife is hard to spot. I’m surrounded by nature but there’s nothing obvious with a heartbeat.  Good job the landscape is so inspiring! My one close encounter with wildlife is with an immature great black-backed gull, evidently seeking a place to rest. It may well have never seen a ship or humans before and lands right on the railing next to a couple lost in their conversation – they freak out and run away.

Juvenile great black-backed gull. Photograph by © Elliott Neep. Photographed in Skjoldungen Fjord, Greenland with NIKON D3S and Nikkor AF-S G ED 70-200 mm ƒ/2.8 VRII lens at ¹⁄₁₂₅₀ sec at ƒ / 6.3 on ISO 400

Reaching Thryms Glacier

Thryms Glacier is not a record-breaker on any level, but still a spectacular sight to behold – like a gigantic icy-blue tongue stretching out from the land into the fjord. The terminus is really curved, meaning you can shoot plenty of different angles with the majestic rocky landscape behind. These images are all shot from a zodiac, which is a fair achievement in itself.

Thryms Glacier, Greenland
The Thryms Glacier terminus. Photograph by © Elliott Neep. Photographed in Thryms Glacier, Greenland with NIKON D3S and Nikkor 24-70 mm ƒ/2.8 FX AF-S G ED lens at ¹⁄₄₀₀ sec at ƒ / 10 on ISO 400

Firstly, I want to capture the scene as a whole and favour this view of the retreating glacier disappearing into the mountains – dragging the eye into the landscape. The glacier wall used to extend 180° around the bay but there is now a gap at the end where Thryms meets another smaller glacier. Global warming and glacial retreat in action! The light is really dull, but a polariser helps boost the deep blue hues, even under this heavy cloud. Some post-processing in Lightroom gave some much-needed contrast to the ice and some texture to a flat grey sky.

Thryms Glacier, Greenland
Texture, texture, texture. Photograph by © Elliott Neep. Photographed in Thryms Glacier, Greenland with NIKON D3S and Nikon 200-400mm ƒ/4 G VR II ED N AF-S lens at ¹⁄₁₂₅₀ sec at ƒ / 6.3 on ISO 400 | Buy this print 🛒

From afar, the wall of ice looks smooth and solid but as we approach the glacier, you appreciate just how fractured and splintered the terminus really is. Jagged peaks and plates of ice thrust out at all angles and the blues are phenomenal. The Nikon 200-400mm VRII is the perfect length to isolate tight compositions and details in the ice from such a distance.

Thryms Glacier, Greenland
Jagged ice and rock. Photograph by © Elliott Neep. Photographed in Thryms Glacier, Greenland with NIKON D3S and Nikon 200-400mm ƒ/4 G VR II ED N AF-S lens at ¹⁄₂₀₀ sec at ƒ / 10 on ISO 400 | Buy this print 🛒

This view grabbed my attention immediately thanks to the high contrast between the ice and granite mountainside in the background. A soft diagonal in the ice creates a more pleasing composition than a level line. Again, the image has had some contrast and tonal work to get the best out of the ice.

Thryms Glacier, Greenland
Crystal clear blue ice. Photograph by © Elliott Neep. Photographed in Thryms Glacier, Greenland with NIKON D3S and Nikon 200-400mm ƒ/4 G VR II ED N AF-S lens at ¹⁄₂₀₀ sec at ƒ / 10 on ISO 400

How blue?! I know, it’s crazy. An upturned iceberg revealing it’s sapphire underbelly. A polariser would have boosted the blues even more, but I think this is actually blue enough… let’s not over do it! I fill my card in no time at all. Everywhere I look, there are more lines, more angles, and more compositions. They all look great through the viewfinder, but in two dimensions and with such dull light, only a few are strong enough to keep.

Thryms Glacier, Greenland
Ice and mountains. Photograph by © Elliott Neep. Photographed in Thryms Glacier, Greenland with NIKON D3S and Nikon 200-400mm ƒ/4 G VR II ED N AF-S lens at ¹⁄₁₂₅₀ sec at ƒ / 5.6 on ISO 400 | Buy this print 🛒

The last of the ice details… I could not resist this view. Just look at that texture. It’s incredible! This was the same set-up as the others, with the 200-400mm, bobbing about on a zodiac. We cruise back and forth along the terminus so I can pick out the best views. I would dearly love to photograph here with soft morning or evening sunlight – the combination would be photographic nirvana.

Thryms Glacier, Greenland
For scale – a zodiac against the wall of Thryms Glacier. Photograph by © Elliott Neep. Photographed in Thryms Glacier, Greenland with NIKON D3S and Nikon 200-400mm ƒ/4 G VR II ED N AF-S lens at ¹⁄₆₄₀ sec at ƒ / 5.6 on ISO 400

Whilst we were at the glacier a few large chunks of ice calved away, but I was either too slow with the camera or too far away for a decent shot. The most alarming ‘glacial activity’ is a torpedo – a chunk of ice that breaks away from the submerged base of the glacier or a larger iceberg. It rockets out the water like a missile! If your zodiac is over one of these when it erupts, you’re going to have a very bad day.

Calving ice is awesome to see, but can be deadly. The sheer weight and volume of ice creates enormous waves above and below the water’s surface. If you are too close to the glacier, you can be struck by exploding ice or overturned by the waves. This is why there is always a mandatory working distance when cruising around glaciers. You must remain 3x the height in distance from the terminus, i.e. if the glacier is 200m high you must remain 600m away – hence bringing the 200-400mm for the glacial details.


Prins Christian Sund

Southwards from Skjoldungen, on the south-eastern tip of Greenland is Prins Christian Sund (Prince Christian Sound), a 55-mile long glacial-cut channel that spans up to one mile across, connecting the Labrador Sea to Irminger Sea. Sheer-sided mountains erupt out of the water, rising to over 4,000 feet above sea level. A voyage through this channel is simply unforgettable.

A distant iceberg. Photograph by © Elliott Neep. Photographed in Denmark Strait, Greenland with NIKON D3S and Nikkor AF-S G ED 70-200 mm ƒ/2.8 VRII lens at ¹⁄₁₀₀₀ sec at ƒ / 8.0 on ISO 400

As with Skjoldungen Fjord, the journey to the Sound is an obstacle course of icebergs. One iceberg in particular grabs the Captain’s interest and we head straight for it, coming alongside on our starboard, for an absurdly close-up view. You can feel the cold air peeling from it and hear the the air bubbles cracking and popping in the ice. It’s absolutely mesmerising. Everybody rushes outside to take in the extraordinary sight. We circle the iceberg on both sides providing everybody with a staggering 360° armchair view before heading on.

Getting closer. Photograph by © Elliott Neep. Photographed in Denmark Strait, Greenland with NIKON D3S and Nikkor AF-S G ED 70-200 mm ƒ/2.8 VRII lens at ¹⁄₄₀₀ sec at ƒ / 10 on ISO 200
So close you could feel the chill. Photograph by © Elliott Neep. Photographed in Denmark Strait, Greenland with NIKON D3S and Nikkor AF-S G ED 70-200 mm ƒ/2.8 VRII lens at ¹⁄₁₆₀ sec at ƒ / 10 on ISO 200

As we enter the sound, more icebergs drift past. Under-exposing and backlighting with the crisp morning light and a clear blue sky produces the most incredible blues. More icebergs follow, so I watch and wait for interesting shapes or deep blues. Sometimes it works, sometimes it doesn’t. The important thing is that you try and mix it up.

Iceberg adrift in the entrance to the Sound. Photograph by © Elliott Neep. Photographed in Prince Christian Sound, Greenland with NIKON D3S and Nikkor AF-S G ED 70-200 mm ƒ/2.8 VRII lens at ¹⁄₁₆₀₀ sec at ƒ / 8.0 on ISO 200
Remnants of an iceberg, Photograph by © Elliott Neep. Photographed in Prince Christian Sound, Greenland with NIKON D3S and Nikkor AF-S G ED 70-200 mm ƒ/2.8 VRII lens at ¹⁄₁₆₀ sec at ƒ / 11 on ISO 200
To give you an idea of the view, I produced a time-lapse with a Nikon D3s and 24-70mm f/2.8 lens mounted on the fly deck above the bridge. I had to use a 10-stop ND to slow the shutter enough for a smooth motion effect
Timelapse: I set the interval to 5 sec and manual exposure to 2½ sec. You need to some blur in each frame to create a more fluid effect. The recommended exposure should be half the interval time. For example, on another time-lapse I used a 10 sec interval with a 5 sec shutter speed and the effect was extremely silky!

After a couple of hours cruising through this wondrous landscape, we pull into a small bay that holds a jewel of a glacier at its end. Our Captain shows his masterful skills and noses the ship up to the glacier and surrounding cliff-face. The colours are amazing with the rock wall in shade, but glowing with the soft light reflected from the glacier.

Photograph by © Elliott Neep. Photographed in Skoldungen Fjord, Greenland with NIKON D3S and Nikkor 24-70 mm ƒ/2.8 FX AF-S G ED lens at ¹⁄₄₀₀ sec at ƒ / 10 on ISO 400
Rock face glowing with borrowed light from the glacier. Photograph by © Elliott Neep. Photographed in Prince Christian Sound, Greenland with NIKON D3S and Nikkor 24-70 mm ƒ/2.8 FX AF-S G ED at ¹⁄₁₀₀ sec at ƒ / 7.1 on ISO 400

One of our destinations within the Prins Christian Sund is Aappilattoq (Augpilaqtoq), a small indigenous village, tucked away beneath a stunning mountain range in Farewell Cape. The village is home to hunters and fishermen and, in the warm summer sunshine, utterly idyllic with an astounding backdrop.

Spot the village in the bottom right corner? Photograph by © Elliott Neep. Photographed in Augpilaqtoq, Greenland with NIKON D3S and Nikkor AF-S G ED 70-200 mm ƒ/2.8 VRII lens at ¹⁄₁₆₀ sec at ƒ / 8.0 on ISO 200
Photograph of Augpilaqtoq, Greenland
Houses reflected in the calm inlet waters. Photograph by © Elliott Neep. Photographed in Augpilaqtoq, Greenland with NIKON D3S and Nikkor AF-S G ED 70-200 mm ƒ/2.8 VRII lens at ¹⁄₁₂₅ sec at ƒ / 8.0 on ISO 200
Photograph of Augpilaqtoq, Greenland
Photograph by © Elliott Neep. Photographed in Augpilaqtoq, Greenland with NIKON D3S and Nikkor 24-70 mm ƒ/2.8 FX AF-S G ED lens at ¹⁄₄₀₀ sec at ƒ / 11 on ISO 200
Photograph of Augpilaqtoq, Greenland
Photograph by © Elliott Neep. Photographed in Augpilaqtoq, Greenland with NIKON D3S and Nikkor 24-70 mm ƒ/2.8 FX AF-S G ED lens at ¹⁄₄₀₀ sec at ƒ / 11 on ISO 200 | Buy this print 🛒

When I say “astounding backdrop”, I mean it. Just take a look. Imagine waking up to this everyday? I think anybody’s artistic fire would reignite just by spending a few hours here. It has been a long time since I focussed so much on landscapes, but in these fjords, there is a gorgeous image just waiting to be captured everywhere you look.

Photograph by © Elliott Neep. Photographed in Prince Christian Sound, Greenland with NIKON D3S and Nikkor 24-70 mm ƒ/2.8 FX AF-S G ED lens at ¹⁄₅₀₀ sec at ƒ / 11 on ISO 200

As we reach the southern end of the Prins Christian Sund, the sunlight and atmospheric haze conspire to produce an arresting scene. The afternoon sun sinks low behind the mountain peaks, casting rays of light through the fjord. Almost everybody else is inside the ship warming-up after the chill of the great outdoors, but a few brave souls face the freezing headwind to capture this vista. Of course, I was one of them! Who in their right mind, as a photographer, could resist this?!

Photograph by © Elliott Neep. Photographed in Prince Christian Sound, Greenland with NIKON D3S and Nikkor 24-70 mm ƒ/2.8 FX AF-S G ED lens at ¹⁄₄₀₀ sec at ƒ / 11 on ISO 200

This is a favourite series from Prince Christian Sund. I love the play of light cascading down the mountains and highlighting the iceberg. The composition just fell into place naturally as we approached and I underexposed the shot to give more definition to those rays of light.


The Norse Ruins At Hvalsey

Hvalsey Church. Photograph by © Elliott Neep. Photographed in Hvalsey, Greenland with NIKON D3S and Nikkor 24-70 mm ƒ/2.8 FX AF-S G ED lens at ¹⁄₃₂₀ sec at ƒ / 10 on ISO 200

There are several ancient Viking ruins in southern Greenland, this being one of the most famous – the Hvalsey Church. It’s a spectacular location, reminding me of the Scottish Highlands and Western Isles. Our afternoon arrival meant that the sun was high and very harsh, so I did my best with a polariser and a little fill-in flash for the foreground. The shadows are still pretty thick though.

Person for scale. Photograph by © Elliott Neep. Photographed in Hvalsey, Greenland with NIKON D3S and Nikkor 24-70 mm ƒ/2.8 FX AF-S G ED lens at ¹⁄₂₀₀ sec at ƒ / 13 on ISO 200

In such a landscape, it’s always a fantastic bonus to get wildlife, flora, or a human form within the frame – for scale and perspective. A lone human figure, lost in their sketching, works for me.

Hvalsey Church window. Photograph by © Elliott Neep. Photographed in Hvalsey, Greenland with NIKON D3S and Nikkor 24-70 mm ƒ/2.8 FX AF-S G ED lens at ¹⁄₂₀₀ sec at ƒ / 11 on ISO 200

The Hvalsey Church’s stonework is incredibly intricate for the time period. I was blown away by how much still remained and how solid it appeared. Let’s face it, winters in Greenland aren’t exactly balmy. The walls are about one metre thick and the windows had this design – being far wider on the inside than on the outside.

Brattahlíð

Pink limestone shore. Photograph by © Elliott Neep. Photographed in Itilleq, Greenland with NIKON D3S and Nikkor 24-70 mm ƒ/2.8 FX AF-S G ED lens at ¹⁄₂₀₀ sec at ƒ / 11 on ISO 800

The bay of Itteleq is the arrival point for another Norse location, Brattahlíð (anglicised as Brattahlid). An incredible pink limestone fringes the shore. I had to clamber around on the slippery rocks to compose a decent shot with the rocks and our ship, but it was worth the effort. I just loved the pinks from the rock and the yellows of the seaweed.

Wild ponies. Photograph by © Elliott Neep. Photographed in Itilleq, Greenland with NIKON D3S and Nikkor 24-70 mm ƒ/2.8 FX AF-S G ED lens at ¹⁄₂₅₀ sec at ƒ / 11 on ISO 800

Trekking over to Brattahlíð, I spotted these wild-grazing ponies. Something with a heartbeat! Yeah! They were nervous at first, but I just sat down on the ground and remained still and quiet. Eventually, this pair approached me to have a closer look. The light was awful, so I had use a subtle amount of fill-in flash and do some major burning in Lightroom – to get some texture in the sky. It’s pretty obvious, but I’m ok with it.

Colours in crops. Photograph by © Elliott Neep. Photographed in Itilleq, Greenland with NIKON D3S and Nikkor 24-70 mm ƒ/2.8 FX AF-S G ED lens at ¹⁄₃₂₀ sec at ƒ / 8.0 on ISO 800

On the hike back to the ship, we walked beside a wheat field with this bizarrely colourful margin. This is not manipulation. This is just crazy colours! It looked like wild dogwood, but much finer. For me, the track of red foliage does a fine job of pulling the eye into the image, right into the hill range and then along to the ship.

From Brattahlíð, we sailed south-west, on to the Gulf of St. Lawrence, visiting Newfoundland, Bonnaventure Island (a breeding colony for 110,000 Northern Gannets) and the beautiful Mingan Archipelago National Park Reserve – forest islands lost in time.  But that will have to wait for another time.

Is it worth the effort?

If you can get there, go there! Greenland was awesome in every sense of the word. My stay was very brief and I only experienced the tiniest fraction of an immense country. I would love to return to make more of the landscape. If you’re planning on visiting Greenland, double check the itinerary as not all ships can venture this deep into the fjords. Small photographic charters are more expensive but worth it as the timing is better for landscape photography, avoiding that harsh mid-day sun.


“Thank you for reading! I hope you enjoyed my Greenland travelogue. I’ll be posting more photo stories, seasonal guides and ‘top tips’ on here in the coming months. Make sure you don’t miss out by subscribing using the form below. You can even decide on the type of posts you want to receive. My other feature articles, photography guides and Photo Stories are always accessible from my homepage.”

Subscribe Me

Subscribe and never miss another post